Bridge and Strain Conditioning Overview

Precision 28000 Solutions for Measuring Bridge, Strain, Temperature, Vibration and More

Precision Filters, Inc. (PFI) offers a complete line of conditioners to measure static and dynamic strain (including high temperature strain), RTDs, thermocouples, IEPE sensors or any bridge type transducer including pressure sensors, piezo-resistive accelerometers, load cells and more. We offer models with an analog bandwidth greater than 1 MHz and programmable filter selections between 1 Hz and 200 kHz. Choose from our line-up of four or eight channel cards with performance to match your requirements.

All of PFI’s Bridge conditioners have built-in test hardware that makes automated system verification and validation easy. The test bus enables automated calibration signal insertion at the amplifier input. Any output channel may be observed without disrupting the normal output using the monitor bus. Our four channel cards have real time monitoring of excitation, transducer loop resistance, sensor leakage to ground and more. Never before has a system provided you with so much pre-test confidence that that your system is functioning properly.

  • The Bridge and Strain Conditioning Suit of Cards

    The 28000 Bridge and Strain Conditioning Suite of Cards.

    MEASUREMENTS:

    • Dynamic Strain Gage
    • Static Strain Gage
    • Full Bridge and Other Bridge Configurations
    • Piezo-resistive Pressure Sensors (Kulite)
    • Piezo-resistive Accelerometer
    • IEPE Sensors
    • Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTD)
    • Load Cells Sensors
    • MEMS Transducers
    • Hot Wire Anemometry
    • AC or DC Filter/Amplifier

Innovative Performance Technologies

Sensor Health Monitoring

At Precision Filters, we know that even the best signal conditioner is of little value if the sensor or input wiring is faulty. A failed sensor or cable discovered after the test is too late and will result in lost data that can never be recovered. Quick and easy visibility of cable and sensor health allows timely corrective actions to save crucial data. Test hardware and software in our bridge conditioner products automate sensor and cable health checks. Transducer excitation, resistance and even leakage to ground are reported in real time.

Balanced Constant Current

Precision Filters’ proprietary Balanced Constant Current (BCC™) excitation is optimized for making dynamic and static strain measurements on single active strain gages and RTD’s. Use 2-wire BCC to make accurate dynamic measurements on a single active strain gage or 4-wire BCC for static and dynamic strain or RTD measurements.

BCC excitation provides a true balanced input for rejection of common-mode signals. Electrostatic pickup is reduced when compared to single-ended constant current excitation or a quarter-bridge configuration with remote completion resistors or unbalanced current sources. The balanced current excitation circuit operates properly even under certain common gage fault conditions such as a direct short of the gage to the test model.

Measuring Resonant Transducers

Some transducers such as piezo-resistive pressure transducers can have very high resonant frequencies that can be excited by transient events and this out-band signal can be larger than the signal of interest.

The 28000 amplifier gain is distributed as “pre-filter” and “post-filter” gain to allow the filter to remove out-band signals such as transducer resonance while still achieving the required full-scale in-band signal level. Using the 28000 “reserve” feature, the user can specify the required protection against out-band noise and the pre- and post-filter gain are automatically distributed to provide this protection. The pre-filter gain is set to achieve the required amplifier headroom for the out-band signals prior to the filter while maximizing dynamic range. After the filter removes the out-band signals, the post-filter gain is set to achieve the desired full-scale output. The 28144 card may be equipped with either a low-pass filter or a high-pass filter cascaded with a low-pass filter to form a band-pass filter. The band-pass configuration and the distributed amplifier gain provide the user ultimate flexibility to eliminate sources of either high frequency or low frequency noise.

Frequency or Time Domain Measurements

The Precision Filters’ FLAT/PULSE filter technology allows the user to set the frequency response characteristics of the signal conditioner under program control. For transient tests or tests where time-domain wave shape preservation is important, program the filter characteristic to PULSE mode. The PULSE mode provides linear phase response, which is required for time-domain wave shape reproduction and outstanding transient response with low overshoot and ringing. For frequency domain analysis, selecting the FLAT filter characteristic will result in outstanding transfer function flatness and a sharp, selective filter response. FLAT/PULSE filter technology is available on all Precision Filters’ strain and bridge conditioners.

Read more about Precision Filters’ FLAT/PULSE Filter Technology >

28000 Bridge and Strain Conditioners

Dual Mode Constant Voltage & BCC Excitation

Precision’s line-up of quad-channel conditioners provides the versatility to condition a wide variety of constant voltage excited sensors including full bridges and sensors that require precise bridge completion. Use BCC excitation technology for 2 or 4-wire strain gage or RTD measurements. Choose the full-featured high performance 28144 card, the 28124 card for multiple filtered/wideband outputs, the 28154 for 300Vcm capability or the economical 28114.

Read more about Dual Mode Constant Voltage & BCC Excitation solutions >


Dual Mode Constant Voltage & BCC Excitation Conditioners Common Features:

  • 4-channels/card, 64 channels/system
  • Balanced programmable constant current or constant voltage excitation w/automatic bridge balance/transducer zero suppress
  • On-the-fly report of measured transducer excitation, resistance, open/short and leakage to ground
  • Programmable AC/DC input coupling
  • Option HC10 – RTD/Bridge/Thermocouple Configuration. 2-Wire/4-Wire 0 to 1 mA RTD excitation. RTD substitution (5 resistors), 3-step bipolar resistive shunt calibration.
  • Option HC14 – Bridge/Strain/IEPE Configuration. Prog. bridge configuration (1, 2, 4-Arm) or 2-Wire/4-Wire constant current. Programmable completion (120, 350 and 1 kOhm). Precision 255-step bipolar resistive shunt cal. IEPE input mode (8 mA constant current source).

28144 4-Channel Wideband Transducer Conditioner

  • Choice of 4 or 8-pole FLAT/PULSE low-pass filters or 8-pole band-pass filters
  • Over 2,000 unique cutoff frequency settings from 1 Hz to 204.6 kHz
  • Low noise, high CMRR amplification from x1/16 to x8192 with 0.05% resolution
  • REZCOMP™ technology to extend frequency response of accelerometer, unsteady pressure and microphone sensor measurements
  • Optional unity gain buffer for Kulite sensors equipped with 5th-wire

View the 28144 Specification Sheet >

28154 4-Channel 300 Vcm Wideband Transducer Conditioner

  • 4-pole FLAT/PULSE low-pass filters
  • Over 2,000 unique cutoff frequency settings from 1 Hz to 102.3 kHz
  • Per channel isolation - 300 V channel to channel and channel to earth ground
  • Traceable per channel programmable DC voltage substitution
  • Low noise, high CMRR amplification from x1/16 to x8192 with 0.0125% resolution
  • Three wideband or filtered outputs per channel with optional isolated output

View the 28145 Specification Sheet >

28124 4-Channel Wideband Transducer Conditioner

  • 4-pole FLAT/PULSE low-pass filters
  • Over 2,000 unique cutoff frequency settings from 1 Hz to 102.3 kHz
  • Low noise, high CMRR amplification from x1/16 to x8192 with 0.05% resolution
  • AC Shunt Calibration for frequency response evaluation of bridge-based sensors
  • Three wideband or filtered outputs per channel

View the 28124 Specification Sheet >

28114 4-Channel Transducer
Conditioner

  • 4-pole FLAT/PULSE low-pass filters
  • Five programmable cutoffs to 100 kHz
  • Amplification from x1/16 to x1024 with 0.05% resolution

View the 28114 Specification Sheet >

Bridge Conditioners with Voltage Excitation

Where applications call for high performance, high channel-density bridge conditioning, the 28108 and 28118 octal filter/amplifiers with constant voltage excitation deliver low-noise and DC stability for either AC or DC bridge-based sensor or low-level voltage measurements.

Read more about the Bridge Conditioners with Voltage Excitation >


Bridge Conditioners with Voltage Excitation Common Features:

  • 8-channels/card, 128-channels/system
  • Balanced programmable constant voltage excitation
  • 6-wire + shield transducer interface
  • Automatic bridge balance
  • Transducer suppress up to 10V of DC bias
  • 4-pole FLAT/PULSE low-pass filters w/filter bypass
  • Test Modes: Test-bus, Short, Zero-Excitation, Excitation Monitor

28108 4-Channel Bridge Conditioner

  • 255 programmable cutoff frequency settings
  • 25 kHz filtered or 100 kHz “wideband” bandwidth
  • Low noise, high CMRR amplification from x1/16 to x8192 with 0.05% resolution

View the 28108 Specification Sheet >

28118 4-Channel Bridge Conditioner

  • 5 programmable cutoff frequency settings from 100 Hz to 30 kHz
  • 30 kHz filtered or 190 kHz “wideband” bandwidth
  • Programmable amplification from x1/16 to x1,024 with 0.05% resolution

View the 28118 Specification Sheet >

Dynamic Strain with Current Excitation

Measurements of dynamic strain with PFI’s balanced constant current technology are much less susceptible to EMI pickup and lead resistance desensitization that plague single-ended constant current topologies.

Read more about Dynamic Strain with Current Excitation >


28458 Dynamic Strain Conditioners Features:

  • 8-channels/card, 128-channels/system
  • Balanced programmable constant current excitation with 20 V compliance
  • 2-wire + shield transducer interface
  • 4-pole FLAT/PULSE low-pass filters w/filter bypass
  • 5 programmable cutoff frequency settings
  • 100 kHz filtered or 190 kHz “wideband” bandwidth
  • Programmable amplification from x1/16 to x1024 with 0.05% resolution
  • On-the-fly report of measured transducer excitation resistance and leakage to ground
  • Sensor open and short detection
  • Test Modes: Test-bus, Short, Zero-Excitation

View the 28458 Specification Sheet >

Bridge and Strain Conditioner Card Selection Guide

Card

28144

28114

28124

28124-EA 28154

28108

28118

28458

Type

AC/DC Voltage with Const. Voltage and Current Excitation

AC/DC Voltage with Const. Voltage and Current Excitation

AC/DC Voltage with Const. Voltage and Current Excitation

Enhanced Accuracy AC/DC Voltage with Const. Voltage and Current Excitation

AC/DC Voltage with Const. Voltage and Current Excitation

AC/DC Voltage with Const. Voltage Excitation

AC/DC Voltage with Const. Voltage Excitation

AC/DC Voltage with Const. Voltage Excitation

Common Mode Voltage Range

10 V

10 V

10 V

10 V

300 V

10 V

10 V

10 V

Channels/ Card

4

4

4

4

4

8

8

8

Applicable Transducer

Static or dynamic strain w/ BCC™, pressure, RTD, load, accel, AC/DC filter/amp, any bridge type sensor

Static or dynamic strain w/ BCC™, pressure, RTD, load, accel, AC/DC filter/amp, any bridge type sensor

Static or dynamic strain w/ BCC™, pressure, RTD, load, accel, AC/DC filter/amp, any bridge type sensor

Static or dynamic strain w/ BCC™, pressure, RTD, load, accel, AC/DC filter/amp, any bridge type sensor

Static or dynamic strain w/ BCC™, pressure, RTD, load, accel, AC/DC filter/amp, any bridge type sensor

Strain, pressure, RTD, load, accel, AC/DC filter/amp, any full bridge type sensor

Strain, pressure, RTD, load, accel, AC/DC filter/amp, any full bridge type sensor

Dynamic strain, w/ BCC™, AC filter/amp

Interface

2-10 Wire Constant Voltage w/ Programmable Bridge Completion, Shunt Cal,

2/4 Wire Constant Current

2-10 Wire Constant Voltage w/ Programmable Bridge Completion, Shunt Cal,

2/4 Wire Constant Current

2-10 Wire Constant Voltage w/ Programmable Bridge Completion, Shunt Cal,

2/4 Wire Constant
Current

2-10 Wire Constant Voltage w/ Programmable Bridge Completion, Shunt Cal,

2/4 Wire Constant
Current

2-10 Wire Constant Voltage w/ Programmable Bridge Completion, Shunt Cal,

2/4 Wire Constant
Current

2 to 6 wire w/ Shield

2 to 6 wire w/ Shield

2 wire w/ Shield

Excitation

Constant Voltage:
0 to 20.475V;

BCC: 0 to 20.475mA

Constant Voltage:
0 to 20.475V;

BCC: 0 to 20.475mA

Constant Voltage:
0 to 20.475V;

BCC: 0 to 20.475mA

Constant Voltage:
0 to 20.475V;

BCC: 0 to 20.475mA

Constant Voltage:
0 to 20.475V;

BCC: 0 to 20.475mA

Constant Voltage: 0 to 20.475 V

Constant Voltage: 0 to 20.475 V

BCC: 0,5,10,15,20 mA

Bandwidth

>1.5 MHz
(Opt. W)

190 kHz

250 kHz

250 kHz

250 kHz

100 kHz

190 kHz

190 kHz

Gain

x1/16 to x8192 w/ 0.05% Resolution

x1/16 to x1024 w/ 0.05% Resolution

x1/16 to x8192 w/ 0.0125% Resolution

x1/16 to x8192 w/ 0.003% Resolution

x1/16 to x8192 w/ 0.0125% Resolution

x1/16 to x8192 w/ 0.05% Resolution

x1/16 to x1024 w/ 0.05% Resolution

x1/16 to x1024 w/ 0.05% Resolution

Filter

4-Pole Low-Pass with optional REZCOMP, 8-Pole Low-Pass or 8-Pole Band-Pass

4-poles; FLAT/PULSE
Low-Pass

4-poles; FLAT/PULSE
Low-Pass

8-poles; FLAT/PULSE
Low-Pass

4-poles; FLAT/PULSE
Low-Pass

4-Pole; FLAT/PULSE
Low-Pass

4-Pole, FLAT/PULSE
Low-Pass

4-Pole; FLAT/PULSE
Low-Pass

Cutoff Frequencies

FLAT:
2 Hz to 204.6 kHz

PULSE:
1 Hz to 102.3 kHz

FX02:
300, 1k, 3k, 10k, 30 kHz*

FX03:
10 kHz, 20 kHz, 40 kHz, 80 kHz, 100 kHz

FLAT:
2 Hz to 100 kHz

PULSE:
1 Hz to 100 kHz

FLAT:
2 Hz to 51 kHz

PULSE:
1 Hz to 25.5 kHz

FLAT:
2 Hz to 100 kHz

PULSE:
1 Hz to 100 kHz

FLAT:
100 Hz to 25.5 kHz

PULSE:
50 Hz to 12.75 kHz

FX02:
300, 1k, 3k, 10k, 30 kHz*

FX03:
10 kHz, 20 kHz, 40 kHz, 80 kHz, 100 kHz

FX02:
300, 1k, 3k, 10k, 30 kHz*

FX03:
10 kHz, 20 kHz, 40 kHz, 80 kHz, 100 kHz

Outputs

Single ended with Ground Sense

Single ended with Ground Sense

(3) Buffered Prog WB/Filtered SE Outputs per channel w/ Ground Sense

(3) Buffered Prog WB/Filtered SE Outputs per channel w/ Ground Sense

(3) Buffered Prog WB/Filtered SE Outputs.

Optional isolated output
(Option O)

Single-ended or Differential Output (Option T)

Single-ended or Differential Output (Option T)

(2) Buffered Single-Ended Outputs per Channel

* Custom cutoff frequencies are available. Please consult factory.